The Pokot live in parts of West Pokot and Baringo Counties in north western Kenya as well as in the Karamoja Sub-Region of neighbouring Uganda. These are arid and semi-arid lands (ASAL) and many Pokot traditionally had pastoral or agro-pastoral lifestyles. They are bordered by the Turkana, Tepes and Karamajong who all compete for rangeland resources. As a whole, the region experiences harsh weather conditions, a high level of insecurity and limited public investment.

The Pokot number between 150,000 and 250,000 in most estimates, although the 2009 Kenyan Census recorded a much higher number of speakers of Pökoot, their language (one of the Southern Nilotic languages). In early colonial literature they are referred to as the Suk.

The Pokot are livestock herders who take pride in their animals while those that live in the Cherangani and Seker Hills also practice small scale settled agriculture.